June 22, 2024

Saluti Law Medi

Rule it with System

Abortion Bans Across the Country: Tracking Restrictions by State

Alabama

Banned

Abortion is banned in almost all circumstances.

Arkansas

Banned

Abortion is banned in almost all circumstances.

Idaho

Banned

Abortion is banned in almost all circumstances. In 2023, the Idaho Supreme Court ruled there is no constitutional right to an abortion. In 2024, the U.S. Supreme Court will decide whether the state’s ban violates a federal law requiring emergency care for any patient, including abortions for pregnant women in dire situations.

Indiana

Banned

Abortion is banned in almost all circumstances. In 2023, the Indiana Supreme Court ruled that the state’s abortion ban did not violate the state Constitution. A separate challenge to the ban, by residents who argue it violates their religious rights, is ongoing.

Kentucky

Banned

Abortion is banned in almost all circumstances. In 2022, voters rejected a ballot measure that would have amended the state Constitution to say it contains no right to an abortion.

Louisiana

Banned

Abortion is banned in almost all circumstances.

Mississippi

Banned

Abortion is banned in almost all circumstances.

Missouri

Banned

Abortion is banned in almost all circumstances.

North Dakota

Banned

Abortion is banned in almost all circumstances.

Oklahoma

Banned

Abortion is banned in almost all circumstances.

South Dakota

Banned

Abortion is banned in almost all circumstances.

Tennessee

Banned

Abortion is banned in almost all circumstances.

Texas

Banned

Abortion is banned in almost all circumstances. Private citizens can sue abortion providers and those who assist patients seeking an abortion after about six weeks of pregnancy.

West Virginia

Banned

Abortion is banned in almost all circumstances.

Florida

Gestational limit

6 weeks

Abortion is banned after about six weeks of pregnancy. The Florida Supreme Court ruled in 2024 that the state Constitution’s privacy protections do not extend to abortion, overturning decades of legal precedent and allowing the ban to take effect.

Georgia

Gestational limit

6 weeks

Abortion is banned after about six weeks of pregnancy. In 2023, the State Supreme Court reversed a lower court’s ruling that the ban was void. The lower court must still weigh whether the ban violates the state’s Constitution.

South Carolina

Gestational limit

6 weeks

Abortion is banned after about six weeks of pregnancy. The South Carolina Supreme Court upheld the ban in 2023, after ruling earlier in the year that a similar ban from 2021 was unconstitutional.

Nebraska

Gestational limit

12 weeks

Abortion is banned after 12 weeks of pregnancy. Gov. Jim Pillen signed the ban in 2023, after weeks of debate in the unicameral Legislature and a failed attempt to pass a six-week ban.

North Carolina

Gestational limit

12 weeks

Abortion is banned after 12 weeks of pregnancy. A federal judge temporarily blocked a provision that providers said could have limited their ability to offer the abortion pill to patients in the first weeks of pregnancy.

Arizona

Gestational limit

15 weeks

Abortion is banned after 15 weeks of pregnancy. Officials warned that a near-total ban on abortions from 1864 may be briefly enforceable this summer until a repeal of that law, passed in May, takes effect in the fall.

Utah

Gestational limit

18 weeks

Abortion is banned after 18 weeks of pregnancy. In 2023, a judge temporarily blocked a law that would have halted most abortions in the state by requiring the procedure to be performed in hospitals. A separate ban on most abortions was indefinitely blocked by a judge in 2022, and the State Supreme Court is expected to rule on that ban in 2024.

Iowa

Ban blocked

22 weeks

An Iowa district court temporarily blocked a ban on abortion after about six weeks of pregnancy, after lawmakers passed the ban in July 2023. The State Supreme Court is expected to rule on that ban by June. In 2023, a deadlocked State Supreme Court kept a nearly identical six-week ban from 2018 permanently blocked.

Montana

Ban blocked

Viability

The Legislature passed 10 anti-abortion laws in 2023, including a ban on the most commonly used procedure in the second trimester. That restriction and several others have been blocked by a court. The Montana Supreme Court has ruled that the state Constitution protects the right to an abortion.

Wyoming

Ban blocked

Viability

In 2023, a judge in Wyoming temporarily blocked an abortion ban that briefly took effect that year and temporarily blocked a separate law that explicitly banned the use of abortion pills. A ban on most abortions that was enacted earlier and triggered by the Dobbs decision remains indefinitely blocked.

Alaska

Legal

No gestational limit

The state’s Supreme Court has recognized a right to “reproductive choice” under the state Constitution.

Kansas

Legal

22 weeks

The state’s Supreme Court ruled in 2019 that a pregnant woman’s right to personal autonomy is protected in the state Constitution, and Kansans voted in 2022 to reject a ballot measure that would have amended the state Constitution to say it contains no right to an abortion. State funds cannot be used to cover the cost of most abortions, and the state has enacted restrictions that limit access to the procedure.

New Hampshire

Legal

24 weeks

Abortion will most likely stay accessible, though it is not expressly protected by state law and state funds cannot be used to cover the cost of most abortions. The state repealed a pre-Roe ban on abortion in 1997.

Ohio

Legal

22 weeks

Voters enshrined abortion protections in the state Constitution in 2023. Courts are still deciding how the amendment affects an existing ban on abortion after about six weeks of pregnancy that had been blocked.

Virginia

Legal

Viability

Abortion will most likely stay accessible, though it is not expressly protected by state law and state funds cannot be used to cover the cost of most abortions.

Wisconsin

Legal

22 weeks

In late 2023, a Wisconsin judge ruled than an 1849 law widely interpreted as an abortion ban did not apply to abortion. The case may come before the State Supreme Court, which now has a liberal majority.

Washington, D.C.

Legal with new protections

No gestational limit

Local law protects abortion throughout pregnancy, and a 2023 law shields providers and patients from legal action brought by other jurisdictions. Congress prohibits the use of taxpayer funds to cover the cost of most abortions in the city.

California

Legal with new protections

Viability

Voters enshrined abortion protections in the state Constitution in 2022. State law protects abortion, and in 2022 and 2023 the governor signed bills to shield patients and providers from laws in other states.

Colorado

Legal with new protections

No gestational limit

State law protects abortion, but a 1984 law prohibits using state funds to cover the cost of most abortions. A 2023 law shields those seeking or providing abortions in Colorado from laws in other states.

Connecticut

Legal with new protections

Viability

State law protects abortion. A law expanding which clinicians can provide abortions took effect in 2022. That law and another enacted in 2023 shield providers and patients from out-of-state lawsuits.

Delaware

Legal with new protections

Viability

State law protects abortion, but state funds cannot be used to cover the cost of the procedure. A 2022 law expanded access to providers and shields those seeking or providing abortions in Delaware from laws in other states.

Hawaii

Legal with new protections

Viability

State law protects abortion, and a new law has expanded access to providers. A 2023 law shields those seeking or providing abortions in Hawaii from laws in other states.

Illinois

Legal with new protections

Viability

The state’s Supreme Court has recognized abortion protections under the state Constitution, and state law protects the procedure. A law signed in 2023 shields those seeking or providing abortions in Illinois from laws in other states.

Maine

Legal with new protections

Viability

State law protects abortion. A 2024 law shields those seeking or providing abortions in Maine from laws in other states. A 2023 law allows an abortion past the point of viability if a doctor decides it is medically necessary.

Maryland

Legal with new protections

Viability

State law protects abortion, and recent laws have increased access to providers and insurance coverage. A 2023 law shields those seeking or providing abortions in Maryland from laws in other states.

Massachusetts

Legal with new protections

24 weeks

The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court has recognized the right to abortion under the state Constitution. A 2022 law shields those seeking or providing abortions in Massachusetts from laws in other states, regardless of the patient’s location.

Michigan

Legal with new protections

Viability

Voters enshrined abortion protections in the state Constitution in November 2022. A 2022 executive order shields those seeking or providing abortions in Michigan from laws in other states.

Minnesota

Legal with new protections

No gestational limit

The state’s Supreme Court has recognized the right to abortion under the state Constitution, and in 2023 the state enacted a law to enshrine the right to reproductive care. A 2023 law shields those seeking or providing abortions in Minnesota from laws in other states

Nevada

Legal with new protections

24 weeks

State law protects abortion, but state funds cannot be used to cover the cost of most abortions. A 2023 law shields those seeking or providing abortions in Nevada from laws in other states.

New Jersey

Legal with new protections

No gestational limit

State law protects abortion throughout pregnancy. A 2022 law shields those seeking or providing abortions in New Jersey from laws in other states.

New Mexico

Legal with new protections

No gestational limit

A 2023 law shields those seeking or providing abortions in New Mexico from laws in other states.

New York

Legal with new protections

Viability

State law protects abortion. In 2022, the governor signed several bills to shield patients and providers from laws in other states.

Oregon

Legal with new protections

No gestational limit

State law protects abortion throughout pregnancy. A 2023 law shields those seeking or providing abortions in Oregon from laws in other states.

Pennsylvania

Legal with new protections

24 weeks

In 2022, the governor issued an executive order that shields those seeking or providing abortions in Pennsylvania from laws in other states. State funds cannot be used to cover the cost of most abortions.

Rhode Island

Legal with new protections

Viability

State law protects abortion, but state funds cannot be used to cover the cost of most abortions. In 2022, the governor issued an executive order to shield those seeking or providing abortions in Rhode Island from laws in other states.

Vermont

Legal with new protections

No gestational limit

Voters enshrined abortion protections in the state Constitution in November 2022. State law also protects abortion throughout pregnancy. Two 2023 laws shield those seeking or providing abortions in Vermont from laws in other states, and they include protection for those using medication abortion.

Washington

Legal with new protections

Viability

State law protects abortion, and recent laws have expanded access to providers. A 2023 law shields those seeking or providing abortions in Washington from laws in other states.